St. Nicholas in Lesser Town

The St. Nicholas Church situated in Malostranské Square in Lesser Town is the most famous Baroque temple in Prague. Its construction began in 1703 on a site where a Gothic church formerly stood.

The current St. Nicholas Church may be considered among the most valuable Baroque structures north of the Alps. It was built for almost a whole century by three generations of the great Baroque architects: Christoph Dientzenhofer, his son Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer, and his son-in-law Anselmo Lurago.

Both the main and smaller church organs were made by the Jesuit Thomas Schwarz, well-known in Bohemia as an author of numerous music instruments. The main organ was made between 1745 and 1747 and consists of four thousand pipes up to six metres in length; it was played by Mozart during his visit to Prague.

The most significant part of the interior decoration are paintings by Karel Škréta and sculptures by František Platzer. A glassed cabinet located on the left altar holds the Gothic statue of Virgin Mary of Foyen, the oldest sculpture in the church, obtained by the Jesuits in 1629.

The St. Nicholas Church is a unique example of the developed Baroque architecture, astonishing all visitors by its size and monumental interior. The church is the main dominant of Lesser Town and, together with Prague Castle, cannot be omitted from any Prague panorama. It is a national cultural monument which we can be rightly proud of.

St. Nicholas in Lesser Town

 

 

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